Free trade agreements aim to improve trade relations with key partners around the world. They aim to remove or, at the very least, minimize barriers to international markets for the Swiss economy. The aim is to reduce tariffs and non-tariff barriers (for example. B technical regulations, packaging and labelling requirements, import quotas). Benefits of agreements In 2013, 22.6% of Switzerland`s total exports will be concluded with free trade partners, with the exception of the free trade agreement with the EU. This represents 51% of Swiss exports to markets outside the EU. In particular, free trade agreements promote the growth, added value and competitiveness of Switzerland`s economic site. Content of agreements The essential element of each agreement is trade in goods (including tariff reductions and other trade restrictions). They regulate trade in industrial products (SH chapters 25-97), fish and processed agricultural products. Trade in unprocessed agricultural products is generally governed by separate bilateral agricultural agreements.
The Trump administration should prioritize its search for a trade and investment pact with Switzerland. The objective of preferential origin is to make goods duty-free when exporting to a free trade agreement or to subject them to a reduced duty. This document is accompanied by a certificate of movement of goods or a declaration of country of origin on invoice. Compliance with non-preferential country of origin rules does not exempt goods from customs when imported into a third country – these country of origin rules only apply if the destination country requires a country of origin certificate for importation. This should not be confused with the issue of Swissness (“Made in Switzerland”), which is subject to another set of rules. An agreement on Switzerland`s participation in EU education, training and youth programmes was signed in 2010. The manufacture of products in the Country of Origin in Switzerland should not be subject to the use of primary materials that do not meet the criteria of the country of origin which are subject to restitution or suspension of customs duties (for example. B, goods imported and re-exported to the processing facility). This rule does not apply to agreements with Singapore, South Korea, SACU, Canada, Japan, Colombia and Peru. Free trade agreements have reduced the price of products for Swiss consumers and broadened the supply.
At the same time, Swiss producers benefit from lower prices for half-products and raw materials. The United States and Switzerland have signed a series of agreements that put in place mechanisms to deepen cooperation and improve relations: the framework for enhanced political cooperation, the trade and investment cooperation forum, an agreement on apprenticeship and staff development, and the revised operational working agreement on law enforcement cooperation in the area of counter-terrorism. The central element of the enhanced political cooperation framework is a high-level annual meeting, the joint working group. Another instrument of bilateral cooperation is the Joint Economic Commission between the United States and Switzerland, which deals, among other things, with money laundering, counter-terrorism, regulatory cooperation and intellectual property rights. In addition to the EFTA agreement and the free trade agreement with the European Union, Switzerland currently has a network of 30 free trade agreements with 40 partners outside the EU and new agreements are being negotiated.