The Geneva Agreement Of 1954

MAJOR PROVISIONS OF THE 1954 GENEVA ACCORDS Three cessation of hostilities agreements for Vietnam, Laos, Cambodia concentration must be concluded within 120 days (20 November 1954) [Article 14] The agreement was signed by the Democratic Republic of Vietnam, France, the People`s Republic of China, the Soviet Union and the United Kingdom. The State of Vietnam rejected the agreement,[23] while the United States said it “takes note” of the ceasefire agreements and said it would “refrain from threatening or using force to disrupt them.” [5]:606 The armed forces of the French Union withdraw from temporary assembly areas within 300 days to group areas south of the demarcation line (19. May, 1955), according to the following calendar: De Hanoi Perimeter-80 days (October 11, 1954) De Haiduong Period-100 days (November 1, 1954) De Haiphong Perimeter-300 days (19 May 1955 The Geneva conference lasted until 21 July, before concluding a formal agreement. In April 1954, diplomats from several nations – including the United States, the Soviet Union, China, France and the United Kingdom – attended a conference in the Swiss city of Geneva. This led to the creation of the Geneva Conventions, which laid out a roadmap for peace and reunification in Vietnam. The Geneva agreements are being recalled as a failure, not least because the major nations did not respect their conditions. While the three conventions (later known as the Geneva Conventions) were dated 20 July (to meet The 30-day Deadline of Mends France), they were actually signed on the morning of 21 July. [5]:605[19] The Geneva Conference, which was to resolve the outstanding issues of the Korean War and the First Indochina War, was a conference attended by several nations, held in Geneva from April 26 to July 20, 1954. [1] [2] [3] The korean conference portion ended without acceptance of statements or proposals, so it is generally considered less relevant. However, the Geneva Agreements, which aimed to dismantle French Indochina, have long-term effects. The disintegration of the French Empire in Southeast Asia led to the constitution of the states of the Democratic Republic of Vietnam (north of Vietnam), the State of Vietnam (the future Republic of Vietnam, south of Vietnam), the Kingdom of Cambodia and the Kingdom of Laos. As delegates began to meet in Geneva at the end of April, discussions on Indochina did not begin until 8 May 1954.

The Viet Minh had won their decisive victory over the French Troops of the Union the day before in Dien Bien Phu. [5]:549 Dulles failed with British delegate Anthony Eden over the UK`s supposed inability to support joint action and US positions on Indochina; He left Geneva on 3 May and was replaced by his deputy Walter Bedell Smith. [5]:555-8 The State of Vietnam refused to participate in the negotiations until Bidault wrote to Beo II to assure him that an agreement would not divide Vietnam. [5]:550-1 Most of the nine participating countries said they had to guarantee the agreements, but the United States made it clear that they were not bound by them.

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